Nous sommes heureux de vous inviter à la prochaine séance du séminaire « Nouvelles territorialités entre l’Asie et l’Afrique », le mercredi 27 mars 2019 de 9h à 11h à l’EHESS, en salle AS1_08 (1er sous-sol), 54 bd Raspail 75006 Paris.
27 mars 2019
Youth movements past and present. Cases from Japan and Senegal.
Les mouvements des jeunes, hier et aujourd’hui. Les cas du Japon et du Sénégal.
Intervenante : Kae Amo (EHESS)
Fifty years ago, student protests broke out in several Asian and African cities. Among the most significant of these protests were those that took place in Dakar (1968) and Tokyo (1969). Based on historical studies and recent fieldwork, this paper compares the youth movements in Japan and in Senegal during the 1960s and 1970s and investigates their legacies in light of the current climate of social, political and ideological change. The first areas of interest will be the political and ideological backgrounds of the 1960s and 1970s. Both Asian and African societies experienced the persistent tension of the Cold War and were influenced by ideologies such as Marxism or Maoism within their local contexts. Student protests in Dakar were directly connected to Pan-Africanism and to movements against the neo-colonialism of the newly independent State, while in Japan, youth rebellion is more aptly viewed as a mass reaction to rapid economic growth and the resulting sudden emergence of a mass-consumption society. Following the end of the Cold War and the associated “end of ideologies”, urban youth sought a new model.
The second part of our paper examines recent youth movements, from the 1980s to today, and their continuity with, or divergence from, former political struggle models. The rise of liberal or neoliberal regimes, as well as the emergence of civil society, are common to both Senegal and Japan. Democracy, popular culture and ICT (Information and communications technology) are important aspects of recent youth movements in both countries. During Dakar’s 2011 presidential election campaign, the Movement of the 23 June (M23) halted former President Abdoulaye Wade’s attempts to change the constitution. The group, Y’en a marre , emerged at the forefront of the movement, crystalizing young people’s grievances through hip-hop music and catalyzing the larger opposition coalition to oust the incumbent. The role of Islam is also significant, as new political and religious leaders emerge in the public sphere. In Japan, the triple disasters of 2011 (earthquake, tsunami and nuclear reactor meltdown) stimulated a level of focused political activity that had not hitherto been seen in postwar Japan. The young protesters of SEALDs (Students Emergency Action for Liberal Democracy) opposed Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s reinterpretation of Japan’s pacifist constitution, which involved a shift away from the long-term commitment to self-defense, thus increasing the possibility that the country might go to war under certain circumstances. The SEALDs have captured the public’s imagination with their attention to style in music and youth fashion, their slick visual productions, and their media savvy. An examination of both these examples from a comparative perspective will facilitate a broader view of the youth movements of yesterday and today, their characteristics as reactions to political change on both local and global levels, as well as their capacity to create new social dynamics.
Avec une projection partielle du film d’Eiji Oguma, « Tell the Prime Minister »
La séance est ouverte au public.
En attendant de vous accueillir très bientôt,